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How to write an article review paper



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How to write an article review paper
The first step in a review is to describe the work and its topic. For example, if you were to review a biography of Charles Lindbergh, it would be appropriate to give your reader some idea of who Charles Lindbergh was, and why someone might want to read a book about him, before you gallop off to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the book itself. The trick is to provide the necessary summary in as short a space as possible. You will repeat the book author’s ideas, not your own, so this section should only be a small part of your review. How to write an article review paper

HistoryProfessor.Org


October 2001. Revised September 2003.


History instructors have three good reasons for assigning reviews, whether of books, films, exhibits, tours, or other works. First, a review requirement ensures that students will do the assigned reading, or whatever else is being reviewed. It is much harder to fake familiarity with a work when one is required to write about it. Second, reviews are logistically easy. Students assigned a research paper will necessarily spend a lot of time hunting for a topic, finding sources, and wandering down dead ends. In contrast, if an instructor assigns a review of required reading, the students begin with a topic and their sources, so they can spend their time reading, thinking, and writing. Third, and by far most important, review essays provide practice in one of the most valuable skills offered by a liberal arts education: the skill of critical reading. When I assign a review, it is this skill that I hope to see displayed.


The first step in a review is to describe the work and its topic. For example, if you were to review a biography of Charles Lindbergh, it would be appropriate to give your reader some idea of who Charles Lindbergh was, and why someone might want to read a book about him, before you gallop off to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the book itself. The trick is to provide the necessary summary in as short a space as possible. You will repeat the book author’s ideas, not your own, so this section should only be a small part of your review.


The second task is to describe the work itself. That is, rather than telling the story of the Erie Canal, you are now telling a story about how Carol Sheriff wrote a history of the Erie Canal. Here you will ask the sorts of questions I suggested in another essay, “How to Read a History Book.” Why did the author choose this topic? Who is her audience? What sources does she use? What arguments does she make? Is the book more analytical or narrative? Is it just words, or pictures too? In short, what was the author trying to do?


Having determined the author’s goals, you now explain whether the author achieved those or other goals. For example, if an author states in his first sentence that his “book represents an effort to recast the history of the Second Industrial Revolution,” then by all means, your review should at some point evaluate his success in doing so. 1 But it is also perfectly appropriate to go beyond the author’s stated goals to ask whether those goals were appropriate to begin with. For example, the U.S. Congress recently expressed concern that the National Park Service was doing a fine job of explaining military history to visitors to Civil War sites, but it was doing little to educate them about the root causes of the war, notably slavery. In this case, the Congress functioned as exhibit reviewer and made the case that the function of Park Service interpretation needed to be reconsidered.


While you do not need to like the work you are reviewing, please remember that criticism is more than complaint. Book authors have a limited number of pages, curators have a limited amount of exhibit space, and everyone is constrained by finite time, money, buy essay and sources. Before demanding that a historian take on an additional task, you might think about what portions of a book, exhibit, or film could have been eliminated to make room. Before complaining that the historian focused only on one group of people, ask if other groups left the records the historian would need to tell their stories as well. It may help to imagine that you are giving advice to a historian about to create a work similar to the one you are reviewing. What constructive lessons can you provide?


If this sounds formulaic, it is. Sometimes formulas have their merits. Indeed, perhaps the best preparation for writing a review as a college assignment is to read other academic reviews. Among the best are the review essays (not the capsule reviews) published in the American Historical Review and Reviews in American History. If you are affiliated with a university, you can read back issues of both journals at JSTOR and more recent issues of Reviews in American Historyat Project Muse. Regardless of your affiliation, you can read similar reviews, though less uniformly excellent ones, at H-Net Reviews.


The important thing to remember is that a book, exhibit, or other scholarly work is a tool with a specific function. To evaluate the tool, you must first understand the function. And having done that, you must explain it to your reader, answering the question, what is this book good for? Along the way, you will find yourself ripping the book apart to see how it works, imagining how it could have been written differently, seeing it from the author’s point of view, and, perhaps, comparing it to other works. And that is critical reading.


1 Philip Scranton, Endless Novelty: Specialty Production and American Industrialization, 1865-1925 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997), 3.


For much more instruction on historical research, read The Princeton Guide to Historical Research, now on sale.


Pages


Credit and Copyright.


This site is maintained by Zachary M. Schrag, Professor of History at George Mason University. While its advice is designed primarily for undergraduate and graduate students of United States history, I hope it will prove useful to all those who wish to study history and related disciplines. This material was formerly posted at www.schrag.info and was moved to this domain in the summer of 2010. The views expressed here are my own and may not reflect those of George Mason University.


Please use this site for the most recent versions. Except where noted otherwise, all original material on this site is copyright © 2002-2021 Zachary M. Schrag. It may be used for non-commercial personal and educational purposes provided it is attributed to Zachary M. Schrag.

How to write an article review paper
Overview of the Paper: How to write an article review paper

How to write an article review paper


LITERATURE REVIEW PAPER


WHAT IS A REVIEW PAPER?


The purpose of a review paper is to succinctly review recent progress in a particular topic. Overall, the paper summarizes the current state of knowledge of the topic. It creates an understanding of the topic for the reader by discussing the findings presented in recent research papers.


A review paper is not a "term paper" or book report. It is not merely a report on some references you found. Instead, a review paper synthesizes the results from several primary literature papers to produce a coherent argument about a topic or focused description of a field.


Examples of scientific reviews can be found in:



  • Scientific American


  • Science in the "Perspectives" and "Reviews" sections


  • Nature in the "News and Views" section


  • Compilations of reviews such as:


Current Opinion in Cell Biology


Current Opinion in Genetics & Development


Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology


Annual Review of Physiology


Trends in Ecology & Evolution



  • Almost every scientific journal has special review articles.



You should read articles from one or more of these sources to get examples of how your paper should be organized.


Scientists commonly use reviews to communicate with each other and the general public. There are a wide variety of review styles from ones aimed at a general audience (e.g., Scientific American) to those directed at biologists within a particular subdiscipline (e.g., Annual Review of Physiology).


A key aspect of a review paper is that it provides the evidence for a particular point of view in a field. Thus, a large focus of your paper should be a description of the data that support or refute that point of view. In addition, you should inform the reader of the experimental techniques that were used to generate the data.


The emphasis of a review paper is interpreting the primary literature on the subject. You need to read several original research articles on the same topic and make your own conclusions about the meanings of those papers.


CHOOSING A TOPIC


Click here for advice on choosing a topic.


RESEARCHING A TOPIC


Click here for advice on doing research on your topic.


HOW TO WRITE THE PAPER


Overview of the Paper:


Your paper should consist of four general sections:



  • Introduction

  • The body of the paper

  • Conclusion and future directions

  • Literature cited


Review articles contain neither a materials and methods section nor an abstract.


Organizing the Paper:


Use topic headings. Do not use a topic heading that reads, "Body of the paper." Instead the topic headings should refer to the actual concepts or ideas covered in that section.


What Goes into Each Section:



  • Experimental Evidence: Describe important results from recent primary literature articles and

  • Explain how those results shape our current understanding of the topic.

  • Mention the types of experiments done and their corresponding data, but do not repeat the experimental procedure step for step. Examples

  • Point out and address any controversies in the field.

  • Use figures and/or tables to present your own synthesis of the original data or to show key data taken directly from the original papers.


  • Succinctly summarize your major points.

  • Point out the significance of these results.

  • Discuss the questions that remain in the area.

  • Keep it brief.


  • Your instructor will give you a minimum number of references that you must use and buy essay online cite in your paper. Typically, at least 8-10 references are required.

  • Click here for how to handle citing sources.


Copyright © 2001, the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse and the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin.

How to write an article review paper
In assessing each source, consideration should be given to: How to write an article review paper

How to write an article review paper


The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. The literature review provides a description, summary and buy essay online evaluation of each source. It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.


Purpose of the literature review


The purpose of the literature review is to provide a critical written account of the current state of research on a selected topic:



  • Identifies areas of prior scholarship

  • Places each source in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the specific issue, area of research, or theory under review.

  • Describes the relationship of each source to the others that you have selected

  • Identifies new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research

  • Points the way forward for further research.


Components of the literature review


The literature review should include the following:



  • Objective of the literature review

  • Overview of the subject under consideration.

  • Clear categorization of sources selected into those in support of your

  • particular position, those opposed, and those offering completely different arguments.

  • Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others.


Steps in the literature review process


Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps:



  1. Define your subject and the scope of the review.

  2. Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic.

  3. Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand (see the Evaluating sources section).

  4. Analyse, interpret and discuss the findings and conclusions of the sources you selected.


Evaluating sources


In assessing each source, consideration should be given to:



  • What is the author's expertise in this particular field of study (credentials)?

  • Are the author's arguments supported by empirical evidence (e.g. quantitative/qualitative studies)?

  • Is the author's perspective too biased in one direction or are opposing studies and viewpoints also considered?

  • Does the selected source contribute to a more profound understanding of the subject?


Examples of a published literature review


Literature reviews are often published as scholarly articles, books, and reports. Here is an example of a recent literature review published as a scholarly journal article:


Ledesma, M. C., & Calderón, D. (2015). Critical race theory in education: A review of past literature and a look to the future. Qualitative Inquiry, 21(3), 206-222. Link to the article


Additional sources on writing literature reviews


Further information on the literature review process may be found below:



  • Booth, A., Papaioannou, D., & Sutton, A. (2012). Systematic approaches to a successful literature review

  • Fink, A. (2010). Conducting research literature reviews: From the Internet to paper

  • Galvin, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences

  • Machi, L. A., & McEvoy, B. T. (2012). The literature review: Six steps to success


Adapted with permission and thanks from How to Write a Literature Review originally created by Kenneth Lyons, McHenry Library, University of California, Santa Cruz.

How to write an article review paper
Many newspapers are still thriving and even more internet news sources are coming online every day. The internet follows the same conventions as print news outlined in the tabs above, so there’s a growing need for writers who can gather and report information in all industries. How to write an article review paper

How to Write a News Article: Home


Many newspapers are still thriving and even more internet news sources are coming online every day. The internet follows the same conventions as print news outlined in the tabs above, so there’s a growing need for writers who can gather and report information in all industries.


The person who can communicate has the advantage professionally. Every industry has a need for communications in public relations, education, sales, promotions, even business development. Being able to write lets you take your career in multiple directions.


In addition to Journalism and Mass Communication classes, St. Petersburg College's student newspaper – the Sandbox – is the perfect place for you to develop and refine your writing. Follow the tabs above from left to right to create an article. Then send it in here!

How to write an article review paper

How to write an article review paper


How to write an article review paper
The person who can communicate has the advantage professionally. Every industry has a need for communications in public relations, education, sales, promotions, even business development. Being able to write lets you take your career in multiple directions. How to write an article review paper
The person who can communicate has the advantage professionally. How to write an article review paper
How to write an article review paper
How to write an article review paper
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